Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez encouraged Chinese President Xi Jinping on Friday to talk to the Ukrainian leadership and learn first-hand about Kyiv's peace formula to help bring an end to Russia's invasion.
Sanchez told a news conference in Beijing he had informed Xi, who visited Moscow on Mar 20-21, that Spain supported the proposals made by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. They include a demand to restore Ukraine's territory to the status quo before Russia's 2014 annexation of Crimea.
"I believe it's a plan that lays the foundations for a durable peace in Ukraine and is perfectly aligned with the United Nations charter and its principles, which have been violated by (Russian President Vladimir) Putin with his invasion," he said.
"I transmitted our concern over the illegal invasion of Ukraine," Sanchez said, adding that he "encouraged Xi to talk to President Zelensky".
Last month, Beijing put forward its own 12-point peace plan and called for a comprehensive ceasefire in the conflict.
Sanchez praised two aspects of China's position paper - "its complete and categorical rejection of not only the use but even the threat to use nuclear weapons" and its respect for territorial integrity.
Sanchez declined to say what Xi had said about the issue.
Russia has said Ukraine must accept its loss of Crimea and four other regions in the south and east of the country.
According to a readout of the meeting from Chinese state broadcaster CCTV, Xi called for an end to a "Cold War mentality" and to the pressure of "extreme" sanctions against Russia.
"We hope that all parties concerned will build a balanced, effective and sustainable European security architecture through dialogue and consultation," CCTV quoted Xi as saying.
Spain, a NATO member whose foreign and security policy is closely aligned with that of the United States, is a staunch ally of Ukraine. In July it assumes the rotating presidency of the European Union's Council, which groups the bloc's 27 national governments.
Sanchez said he agreed with EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen's view that relations between the EU and China were "complex" and he stressed the need for reciprocity and a level playing field between them.
Von der Leyen, who in a speech on Thursday said China was becoming "more repressive at home and more assertive abroad", is scheduled to visit Beijing herself next week alongside French President Emmanuel Macron.
Sanchez urged China to seek a more balanced economic relationship with Spain and called for greater transparency.
In 2022, Spain's imports from China amounted to 49.6 billion euros ($53.9 billion), while exports to China reached about 8 billion euros, Spanish economy ministry data showed.
According to CCTV, Chinese Premier Li Qiang said Beijing wanted to expand trade and investment with Spain, strengthen industrial docking and increase cooperation on new energy and advanced materials as well as on Xi's Belt and Road Initiative.
Spain, one of the world's most visited countries, also hopes to attract more Chinese tourists after the lifting of COVID restrictions there.
Madrid aims to "facilitate the issuing of visas" to Chinese visitors, Sanchez said, adding that Spain would host a bilateral tourism forum in the summer.