Prime Minister-designate Benjamin Netanyahu pledged on Tuesday to govern in the interests of all Israelis, as religious-nationalist parties slated to join his new coalition pressed ahead with contested legislation.
One bill submitted for preliminary parliamentary review could potentially grant Defence Ministry powers to far-right politician Bezalel Smotrich to encourage Jewish settlement of the occupied West Bank, where Palestinians seek statehood.
Other bills would consolidate cabinet authority over police for fellow ultranationalist Itamar Ben-Gvir, and enable ultra-Orthodox Jewish politician Arieh Deri to serve as finance minister despite his having been convicted of tax fraud.
Netanyahu's conservative Likud party placed first in the Nov 1 election. He is courting the religious-nationalists after being shunned by some mainstream parties over his ongoing trial for corruption.
"We were elected to lead in our way, the way of the nationalist-right and the way of the liberal-right, and so shall we do," he told the Knesset, to heckling from centre-left lawmakers.
The prospective new government has stirred concern at home and abroad for the future of Israel's secular values, frayed ethnic relations and stalled peace talks with the Palestinians.
But Netanyahu - who has already held top office for a record 15 years - said that, under his watch, "everyone will live in accordance with their own faith. This will not become a nation of religious law. It will be a country in which we tend to all citizens of Israel, without exception."
"We will preserve the status quo," Netanyahu said, using a term that has been applied both to freedom of worship in Israel and to the management of access to a contested Jerusalem holy site that has at times ignited violence with the Palestinians.
The site houses Al Aqsa, a major mosque. It is also the most sacred site for Jews, as vestige of their two ancient temples, but Jewish prayer is barred there under an Israeli pact with Muslim authorities. Ben-Gvir has called for that ban to end.
Ben-Gvir and Smotrich were among 40 lawmakers - a third of parliament - who signed a petition calling on outgoing Defence Minister Benny Gantz to end the detention without trial of two West Bank settlers suspected of militant ties, saying they had been denied due process of law.
Gantz on Tuesday rejected the petition, calling it a "tailwind for terrorism". Israel also holds 835 Palestinians under so-called "administrative detention", Palestinians say.
Outgoing centrist Prime Minister Yair Lapid accused Netanyahu, 73, of posing a threat to Israeli democracy.
"Netanyahu is weak, terrified of his trial. People who are younger than him - more extremist and determined than him - have taken over," Lapid told the Knesset.
Netanyahu has until Dec 21 to finalise a government. Otherwise it could mean another election.