India's leading Islamic seminary Darul Uloom Deoband has issued a fatwa branding photography ‘unlawful and a sin’.
Mufti Abdul Qasim Nomani, Mohtamim (Vice-Chancellor) of the
institution, has said Islam does not permit videotaping of marriages or taking
of pictures to save as mementos.
"Photography is un-Islamic. Muslims are
not allowed to get their photos clicked unless it is for an identity card or for
making a passport," he was quoted as telling the Press Trust of India over
Saudi Arabia allows photographers inside Makkah and live telecast
of namaz and Hajj on TV across the world.
Mufti Nomani said Saudi Arabia
“can do it, but they will not allow it”.
The Darul Ifta in Deoband had
issued a religious edict on a query from an engineering graduate, saying he was
passionate about photography and wanted to pursue it as a
"Photography is unlawful and a sin. Hadith warns sternly against
it. Do not do this course. You should search any suitable job based on your
engineering course," reads the fatwa posted on the school's
Mufti Nomani agreed with the fatwa.
Another platform of
Indian Muslims, All India Muslim Law Personal Board, has agreed with the Deoband
Its member Mufti Abul Irfan Qadri Razzaqi told PTI: "Islam forbids
photographing of humans and animals. Whoever does that will be answerable to
A similar fatwa was issued when a television reporter asked if his
"facing the video camera" is against Islam.
"…it is prohibited in Islam
to photograph and to let others photograph you," reads the fatwa.
one reads that any work which involves ‘unlawful things’ is ‘unlawful’. If part
of a person's job includes oral or written reporting as well as photography,
then the entire income will not be labelled unlawful.
Committee President Mufti Saif Abbas, however, differed.
He said his sect
allows photography and television viewing.
"Islamic channels such as
Peace TV, QTV, ARY and others beam live coverage of namaz, Hajj...are they all
“I have argued with my Sunni colleagues that there is nothing
wrong with photography," he said.
On Jan 1, 2001 the High Court in
Bangladesh declared fatwa illegal.
In 2010, the High Court had ruled
against extralegal punishment of people by issuing fatwa in local arbitrations
Fatwa has been often used as a tool of punishment in
Bangladesh and was in practice particularly in some the rural area.
petition said local religious leaders and socialites torture, harass and punish
women in the name of fatwa, which cause incidents like injuries, killings and
The bench of justices Syed Mahmud Hossain and Gobinda Chandra
Thakur had issued the verdict.
The opinion enclosed in the copy of the
judgment said persons found involved in ordering, executing or assisting such
extra-legal punishment will face criminal proceedings.