Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal says that Bangladesh is seeking $1.5 billion in an initial loan instalment from the International Monetary Fund, The Financial Times reports.
The country wants a total of $4.5 billion in loans from the IMF, including for climate change resilience projects and to shore up the government’s budget, but the final amount is still being negotiated, Kamal said in an interview published by the London-based newspaper on Tuesday.
Bangladesh is looking for an additional $4 billion from the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Japan International Cooperation Agency and is optimistic about securing the loans, the finance minister said.
The country’s efforts to secure external funding have come amid the economic hit from the coronavirus pandemic, and the surge in fuel and food prices due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Many countries, such as Sri Lanka and Pakistan, are in talks for emergency funding from the IMF. Sri Lanka is still negotiating, while Pakistan reached an initial deal in July for the IMF to release $1.3 billion of an existing $7 billion assistance package.
Bangladesh is facing a steep and rising energy import bill and fuel shortages have forced the government to institute nationwide power outages, raise fuel prices and put restrictions on fuel sales.
“Everybody is suffering and we’re also under pressure,” Kamal told the Financial Times.
However, Bangladesh was not at risk of defaulting on its debt like Sri Lanka.
“There is no way to even think of a situation like that,” he said.
He also warned developing countries against taking loans under China’s Belt and Road Initiative, saying that many of its projects had not produced the necessary returns, and were worsening a severe economic crisis in emerging markets amid rising inflation and slowing growth.
Kamal urged China to be more discerning in evaluating its loans so that it did not push countries like Sri Lanka into debt distress.