4 dead in brutal cold at US border are believed to be human smuggling victims

The bodies were found Wednesday in barren, snow-covered terrain just feet from the US border in Manitoba, Canada: a man, a woman, a teenager and an infant who appeared to have frozen to death while trying to cross into the United States, according to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

>> Michael LevensonThe New York Times
Published : 21 Jan 2022, 03:36 PM
Updated : 21 Jan 2022, 03:36 PM

All four have been tentatively identified as members of a family who may have been victims of a human smuggling operation, the authorities said. Their bodies were discovered about 30 to 40 feet from the US border, in a remote area 6 miles east of Emerson, Manitoba, the authorities said.

“It is an absolute and heartbreaking tragedy,” Assistant Commissioner Jane MacLatchy of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police said at a news conference Thursday, adding that it appeared that all four had died of exposure to the cold.

She emphasized that investigators consider the four to be victims.

“We’re very concerned that this attempted crossing may have been facilitated in some way and that these individuals, including an infant, were left on their own in the middle of a blizzard when the weather hovered around minus 35 degrees Celsius, factoring the wind,” MacLatchy said. “These victims faced not only the cold weather but also endless fields, large snowdrifts and complete darkness.”

The bodies were found after US Border Patrol agents stopped Steve Shand, 47, of Florida, Wednesday, while he was driving a 15-passenger van less than 1 mile south of the Canadian border in a rural area between the official ports of entry at Lancaster, Minnesota, and Pembina, North Dakota, federal prosecutors in Minnesota said. He was charged with human smuggling.

Law enforcement officials said two passengers in the rented van that Shand was driving were citizens of India without legal permission to be in the United States.

While Shand and his passengers were being taken to a Border Patrol station in North Dakota, law enforcement officers found five more Indian citizens walking in the snow about a quarter-mile south of the Canadian border, in the direction of where Shand had been arrested, prosecutors said.

The five Indian nationals, who appeared to be headed to an unstaffed gas plant in St. Vincent, Minnesota, told law enforcement officials that they had expected to be picked up by someone, prosecutors said. They said that they had been walking for more than 11 hours and had crossed the border from Canada into the United States, prosecutors said.

One member of the group said he was carrying a backpack for a family of four Indian citizens who had become separated from his group during the night, court documents said. Inside the backpack were children’s clothes, a diaper, toys and children’s medication.

Canadian authorities then began a search with snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles that led to the discovery of the four bodies in Manitoba.

One Indian woman in the group that had survived the crossing into the United States stopped breathing several times while she was being transported by the Border Patrol, court documents showed. She was flown to a hospital where she will likely require partial amputation of one of her hands because of exposure to the extreme cold, the documents stated.

Prosecutors said Shand made his first appearance Thursday in US District Court for the District of Minnesota, where he was ordered to remain in custody until a hearing Monday. It was not immediately clear if he had a lawyer.

In a criminal complaint, a special agent with Homeland Security Investigations said that the four deaths were being investigated “along with an investigation into a larger human smuggling operation of which Shand is suspected of being a part.”

According to the complaint, a Border Patrol agent said he knew of three other smuggling operations that happened in the place where Shand was arrested. Two were in December and one was earlier this month, according to the complaint.

The complaint states that one of the Indian citizens detained Wednesday said that he had paid a “significant amount” of money to enter Canada from India with a fraudulently obtained student visa.

The man said he had walked across the border into the United States and had expected to be picked up by someone who would take him to his uncle’s house in Chicago.

MacLatchy said she had a message for anyone who was thinking of crossing the international border in Manitoba: “Just don’t do it.”

“Do not listen to anyone who tells you they can get you to your destination safely,” she said. “They cannot. Even with proper clothing, it is not a journey that is possible.”

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