On Friday, Huawei Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou flew home to China from Canada after reaching an agreement with US prosecutors to end the bank fraud case against her, a point of tension between China and the United States.
Within hours of the news of the deal, the two Canadians who were arrested shortly after Meng was taken into custody were released from Chinese jails and were on their way back to Canada. Beijing had denied that their arrests were linked.
When asked if the White House was involved in brokering a "prisoner swap," White House press secretary Jen Psaki rejected the premise.
The deferred prosecution agreement with Meng was "an action by the Department of Justice, which is an independent Department of Justice. This is a law enforcement matter," she said, adding, "There is no link."
But Psaki also confirmed that in a call on Sept 9, two weeks before the announcements, China's leader Xi Jinping brought up Meng's case and US President Joe Biden pressed for the release of the two Canadians, businessman Michael Spavor and former diplomat Michael Kovrig, who had been held in China for more than 1,000 days.
"These two leaders raised the cases of these individuals but there was no negotiation about it," Psaki said.
Psaki said she had no information on whether Biden knew about the status of the negotiations between Meng's lawyers and the Justice Department.
Meng had been arrested at Vancouver International Airport in Canada on a US warrant, and was indicted on bank and wire fraud charges for allegedly misleading HSBC in 2013 about the telecommunications equipment giant's business dealings in Iran.
The years-long extradition drama had been a central source of discord in increasingly rocky ties between Beijing and Washington, with Chinese officials signalling that the case needed to be dropped to help end a diplomatic stalemate.
Psaki emphasised the deal announced on Friday did not indicate a softening of US concerns about Chinese behaviour.
"Our policy has not changed, our policy toward China," Psaki said. "We are not seeking conflict. It is a relationship of competition and we are going to continue to hold the PRC to account for its unfair economic practices, its coercive actions around the world and its human rights abuses," she said, using the acronym for the People's Republic of China.
BALL IN THE US COURT
Earlier in September, China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi told Biden's climate envoy John Kerry in a virtual meeting that Washington needed to take practical steps to improve relations by responding to a list of demands, which included dropping the case against Meng.
"Right now, the ball is in the United States' court," Wang told Kerry, according to a Chinese statement.
But US officials have rebutted any suggestion that Kerry or other administration officials had negotiated Meng's release with China for other concessions.
Earlier in the week, Xi announced at the United Nations that China would not build new coal-fired power projects abroad, a pledge Kerry had been pressuring Beijing to make to help the world stay on course to meet the goals of the Paris climate agreement.
"We were not involved in their internal decision-making on it in any way, shape, or form," a White House official told Reuters of the Justice Department's process.
"The movement on coal, number one, is, frankly, China acting in its own interest," the official said. "I think they realised that they weren't going to get anything for it. They weren't going to be able to use it as leverage."
Meng arrived to a hero's welcomed in China, and official media there suggested that her release could be a chance to reboot fraught US-China ties.
While some Republican senators criticised the Biden administration for giving in to Beijing's demands, analysts said that didn't add up.
"I believe that the deal that the PRC made to get Meng released was on the table during the Trump administration. She had to acknowledge wrongdoing and ultimately that is what she did. I don't see capitulation," said Bonnie Glaser, an Asia expert at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a think tank.
The Justice Department says it is still preparing for trial against Huawei.