Judicial probe finds policemen's involvement in Gaibandha Santal house arson

The judicial inquiry in to the arson of Santal houses in Gaibandha has found that some policemen were involved in the incident during an eviction drive on Nov 6 last year.

Staff Correspondentbdnews24.com
Published : 31 Jan 2017, 07:29 AM
Updated : 7 Feb 2017, 11:07 AM

The report of the probe by Gaibandha's chief judicial magistrate has been presented before the High Court on Tuesday.

Deputy Attorney General Motahar Hossain presented the summary of the 65-page report before the bench of justices Obaidul Hassan and Krishna Debnath.

Hossain told the media that the court is yet to hold a hearing on the matter as all concerned, including the petitioner have not received a copy.

"The court instructed the concerned Supreme Court wing to forward its copy to all parties by Feb 5. The matter will be included in the cause-list for Feb 7," the State counsel said.

He said that Gaibandha Chief Judicial Magistrate Md Shahidullah has attached 1001 pages of additional documents with the 65-page report.

On Dec 14 last year, the same High Court bench ordered the judicial inquiry after a video of police setting fire to Santal houses gone viral on the social media.

The probe team led by Gaibandha Chief Judicial Magistrate Shahidullah visited the spot at Gobindaganj Upazila on Dec 27 and recorded witnesses' testimonies.

The report said two policemen and one from the Detective Branch had set fire to the houses while several other policemen watched it, but did not try to put out the flames.

Those who were setting fire could not be identified as they were wearing helmets and the video was shot from a distance.

Deputy Attorney General Hossain said that the probe body sought names of police personnel on duty that day from Gaibandha superintendent of police. But it was not available as another probe body was investigating it the same time.

Still image from video uploaded on Facebook.

In 1962, the Rangpur Sugar Mill authority acquired 1840.30 acres of land from Santals and Bengalis in 18 villages for sugarcane farming in Gaibandha's Gobindaganj Upazila.

Santals claim the sugar mill has used the land to grow rice and tobacco, in violation of the agreement, and they have occupied the land and launched protests.

Last year, Santals built several hundred houses on the disputed land and began living there.

Clashes broke out on Nov 6 after the sugar mill authorities attempted to reclaim the land. Santal homes were looted during the clashes.

After some homes were burnt down, tractors levelled the ground on orders from the sugar mill authorities.

Police opened fire at one point during the clashes. Three Santal residents were killed in the firing and many others were wounded.


The shooting sparked a raging debate in Bangladesh. Protests  broke out in many areas, including the capital, Dhaka.

According to the government, the land does not belong to the Santals.

It says ‘land sharks’ are using the Santals to get hold of the land so that they can later acquire it for themselves.

Santal residents, on the other hand, say they want the ‘land of their forefathers’ returned to them.

The local police started a case against more than 300 Santals over the incident. Four members of the ethnic community had been arrested in the case and later released on bail.

On Nov 16, a Santal victim Swapan Marma filed a case against 600 unidentified men for attack, loot and arson. Police have so far arrested 21 persons in the case.

Ten days later, another Santal man, Thomas Hembhrom, filed a complaint with the police over the same incident. Police had lodged it as a general diary as a previous case had been filed.

Two petitions have been also filed with the High Court over the incident.

A month into the incident, a video shot during the Nov 6 eviction emerged on the social media creating a firestorm.

Policemen were seen firing on a Santal village in the footage, which had gone viral. Some policemen were seen kicking against a house and one of them is setting fire to it.

Another person in plain clothes was seen helping police spread the fire to other houses.

In another part of the video, several policemen wearing helmets were seen setting fire to a house.

One of them wore a dress with 'DB' (Detective Branch) printed on it. Another law-enforcer wore a dress with 'police' printed on it.

The High Court ordered the judicial inquiry after the petitioners filed supplementary pleas.

It also ordered investigations by the Police Investigation Bureau (PBI) in the two complaints filed by the Santals.

Toufique Imrose Khalidi
Editor-in-Chief and Publisher